Sensors play a significant role in all areas of human activity. Sensor is not just a physical quantity detector, it is a miniature measuring instrument with advanced signal processing and digital interface.
Applied interfaces enable distributed networks consisting of sensors to self-organize, prioritize, adapt to the object being measured. The main trend has been the use of digital radio interfaces, and long-term use of autonomous sensors.
These results have been achieved only because of the emergence of new materials, which enable using the new methods to convert the measured physical quantity.
The use of new technologies can significantly extend the capabilities of the new programming methods of individual sensors and sensor systems.
Today, the global market for sensors is close to the value of about $ 100 billion with an average annual growth rate of 7.8% (BCC Research (USA)).
At the ITMO University almost all departments are working in the field of sensor technology, development of optical, mechanical, thermal and other sensors as well as creation of advanced materials for sensory.
At the Faculty of Physical Engineering the masters program "Sensors and Sensor Networks" is realized since 2012, the research and development work on the creation of innovative sensor devices is carried out using the technology of wireless sensor networks (WSN) for aviation, medicine, energy and other areas of science and technology.